Kaltanėnai is settled near Žeimenis Lake, beside river Žeimena head. Unique place of city is the square, which border the lake. There are no more squares like this in Lithuania.
Kaltanėnai was first mentioned in XV century, when grand duke Žygimantas Kęstutaitis gives them to noblemen Narbutai. In year 1633 church of Virgin Mary Angelic was built here. Later the monastery of Franciscans was settled here and Kaltanėnai became the town. From 1895 to 1899 the railroad was build in Kaltanėnai.
Every linguist and ethno-cultural specialist in Lithuania must know Kaltanėnai, because here are much of verbal art and traditions preserved here.